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Perennial Allergic Rhinitis
What is a Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Perennial allergic rhinitis is an inflammatory disorder to the nasal mucosa mostly characterized by a sudden recurrence of sneezing, rhinorrhoea, pruritus and nasal congestion. Rhinitis is an inflammation of the nose, while the term allergy describes an exaggerated response to certain substances.

Perennial allergic rhinitis is not different from hay fever, although allergic reactions which are caused by substances are present all year long. Perennial allergic rhinitis occurs mostly in children as opposed to adults.

Causes of Perennial allergic rhinitis:

Perennial allergic rhinitis may be caused by certain environmental agents.
It occurs when an allergen such as dust, pollen or animal dander (shed skin and hair particles) is inhaled by a person with a sensitized immune system. Perennial allergic rhinitis can be inherited, although a person will likely not inherit allergies to items such as ragweed or cat dander.

Symptoms and Complications:

The symptoms of perennial allergic rhinitis do not appear and disappear; they can stay throughout the year. Some symptoms are similar to those of seasonal allergic rhinitis. An affected person can have a runny nose or nasal blockages. Ones sense of smell can also be affected with this condition.

If a person has previously had a history of asthma or is currently suffering from sinusitis, perennial allergic rhinitis might have more serious symptoms. One common symptom among people who suffers from sinusitis and perennial allergic rhinitis is a headache.
Other common symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • A watery or runny nose
  • Nasal blockage
  • A decreased sense of smell
  • Headaches and facial pain
  • Dark circles, reddish eyes and even swellings located around the eyes

Dangers of Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Perennial Allergic Rhinitis is an atopic condition; an overactive immune response syndrome, where individuals are most likely to develop diseases that are allergy related. Perennial allergic rhinitis is caused by industrial dust, domestic pets (saliva or skin proteins), house-dust mite faeces, vapours and fumes with washing powders, detergents, strong perfume, cigarette smoke, and traffic fumes exacerbating the condition.

Diagnosing Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

Diagnosing perennial allergic rhinitis is more difficult than diagnosing seasonal allergies. For seasonal allergic rhinitis, an individual can be certain if it is flower pollen that has triggered the inflammations or allergy symptoms. With perennial allergic rhinitis, the cause needs to be determined. Usually medical practitioners would study the symptoms briefly. Individuals, who are affected with perennial allergic rhinitis, need to be clinically inspected for any possible infection that may have been caused by an allergy. 

Treatment of Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

There are different types of perennial allergic rhinitis treatments. An individual should seek professional medical advice regarding the correct treatment plan. In order to manage perennial allergic rhinitis, an individual should avoid triggers like dust mites, faeces and animal proteins. Allergen avoidance by encasing mattresses and pillows in protective covers that are impermeable to dust mites is also recommended together with washing bedding regularly.

Cleaning air filters, carpets, furniture and pets regularly can also help in animal allergens reduction. Optimal results can however usually only be achieved through the removal of the animal from the household.











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