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Pneumonia
 
 
Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory and infectious illness of the lungs. You can get Pneumonia through various causes such as physical injury, an infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites or through chemicals entering the lungs.

Symptoms of Pneumonia
  • Coughing with phlegm production
  • Chest pain
  • A raise temperature or fever
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Shaking and chills
  • Cough producing greenish or yellow phlegm
  • Sharp pain in chest when breathing
  • Headaches
  • Sweaty and clammy skin
  • A loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Blueness of the skin
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint and muscle pains

Pneumonia is one of the main causes of death among elderly people and people that are chronically or terminally ill. An x-ray will need to be done to ascertain if one has Pneumonia or not.

There are 17 different types of Pneumonia

  1. Viral Pneumonia occurs when a virus is inhaled reaches the lungs through the mouth or nose. Viruses affect organs in the body and this leads to the dysfunction of the body which can also lead to damage lungs.

  2. Bacterial Pneumonia occurs when bacteria reach the lungs through the bloodstream due to an infection in another part of the body. Bacteria could also travel from the infected lung into the bloodstream and cause serious or even fatal illnesses such as septic shock, low blood pressure and damage to multiple parts of the body such as the brains, kidneys and also the heart.

  3. Fungal Pneumonia is not very common but can occur in people with AIDS and who are using immunosuppressive drugs.

  4. Parasitic Pneumonia occurs when parasites enter the body through ingestion or through the skin. These parasites then travel through the blood to the lungs.

  5. Idiopathic Interstitial pneumonia is a class of diffuse lung diseases. This type of pneumonia is commonly caused by smoking.

  6. A Labor Pneumonia is a secretion of the lung or an infection that involves only a single lobe of the lung.

  7. Multilobar pneumonia can cause more serve illness and involves more then one lobe of the lung.

  8. Interstitial pneumonia is caused by a virus or by bacteria and involves areas in between the alveoli.

  9. Community-acquired pneumonia is infectious in a person that has not been hospitalized recently. This is the most common type of pneumonia.

  10. Hospital-acquired pneumonia is also known nosocomial pneumonia. This type of pneumonia commonly occurs during or after hospitalization for another illness or procedure. Signs and symptoms become visible around 72 hours after admission.

  11. Ventilator-associated pneumonia - This occurs after 48 hours of intubations and mechanical ventilation.

  12. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a deadly type of pneumonia and is highly contagious. It is caused by the cononavirus.

  13. Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) occurs when the small airways of the lungs are swollen.

  14. Eosinophilic pneumonia is an invasion of the lungs, caused by a particular type of white blood cells called eosinophils. This occurs after exposure to certain types of environmental factors or parasitic infections.

  15. Chemical pneumonia occurs when chemical toxins enter the body by inhalation or by skin contact chemicals such as pesticides.

  16. Aspiration pneumonia is caused by foreign objects from your mouth or digestive system. This usually occurs while eating, vomiting or acid reflux. Aspiration is one of the main causes of death in hospitals and nursing home patients.

  17. Dust pneumonia occurs when dust settles in the alveoli of the lungs causing the cilia to stop moving and preventing the lungs from cleaning themselves efficiently.

Treatment

Pneumonia can be treated without hospitalization. Oral antibiotics are often advised to people suffering with pneumonia. Vencomycin, third and forth- generation cephalosporin’s, carbapanems, fluoroquinolones and amino glycosides are antibiotics for hospital-acquired pneumonia.
For those that are allergic to painkillers, erythromycin instead of amoxicillin is given.
Treatment for pneumonia usually lasts from 7 to 10 days.
One is recommended to rest and drink lots of fluids when suffering with pneumonia.

 

 
 
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